Project Activities


Project activities comprise of a variety of trainings, consultancy visits, and dialogues. This integrated approach has been chosen to reduce the resource consumption and waste or emission production of the SMEs. A stream of activities is directly targeted at the SMEs. In workshops they are exposed to the resource efficiency approach and receive suggestions on how to make their production process more resource efficient. Additionally, participating SMEs are visited by local as well as international experts and receive guidance on adjustment options for their specific production processes. To support the development and uptake of new technologies, demo-units of acid recovery plants are developed and implemented in selected SMEs.

Project structure

The second and third stream of activities aims at the broader policy, technology, financing and customer framework within which the SMEs operate. By implementing policy dialogues, technology supplier roundtables, marketing and replication events for financing institutions and customer roundtables, these stakeholders are included in the project process.


Resource efficiency training workshops for SMEs

Targeted metal finishing SMEs in various locations in North, South and West India receive trainings through a series of workshops on the resource efficiency concepts. In the beginning, SMEs are introduced to the project concept through a half-day workshop held at each location. As a part of this activity local cluster associations and their members are sensitized on the project approach. Subsequently, participating SMEs are trained more deeply on the resource efficiency approach. Company personnel are exposed to such issues as mass-flow-analyses, acid-recovery technologies and financial aspects of resource efficiency. In the future workshops, additional topics will be covered.


On-site consulting support to SMEs

As support for the implementation of resource efficiency measures, several companies from each city are selected for on-site consulting. These will be visited several times over the course of the project. Visits are conducted by local consultants who have been trained in Germany and Austria on the resource efficiency approach as well as international experts. The companies are guided individually on the implementation of resource efficiency and acid recovery measures.


Acid Recovery demonstration at SMEs

The units best suited for the operation of the newly developed recycling technologies are selected during the workshops and consultancy visits. Acid recovery approaches for which demo-units are developed are nanofiltration, retardation and diffusion dialysis. Once the three demo-plants have been built, they are to be employed across all three regions: one plant in the South, one plant in the North, and one plant in the West. After a certain time, the plants will shift to the next region. This allows all companies to visit and experience the operation of each technology.


Policy Dialogues

The activity aims at organizing roundtables which are be held with government bodies at the national and local level. The dialogue process aims at different layers starting from promoting sustainable production techniques and initiating better framework conditions for SMEs investing in resource efficiency. A special focus is put on innovation processes to enhance the dissemination and uptake of new technologies on the side of the SMEs. Stakeholders involved include state industrial development agencies, pollution control boards, local and regional banks, research institutions, universities, cluster organisations and industry associations. Dialogues are implemented at the beginning of the project as well as in the mid and at the end of the project implementation period. In the beginning, the agenda is set and in the further project implementation phase, specific policy recommendations are developed.


Customer Roundtables

This activity will sensitize customers of metal finishing SMEs to adopt a greener supply chain, organize training clusters for their vendors and assist in technology up-gradation. In these roundtable sessions, auto manufacturers and large customers of metal finishing products will be encouraged to adopt groups of metal finishers under their CSR initiative and support them in the implementation of more environment-friendly production processes. This has several positive impacts for the customers as they will have a greener supply chain with the result that also their products become greener. Resource efficiency measures also have the potential to reduce productions costs thus rendering the production process more cost-efficient. Additionally, a better quality management can be implemented on the side of the metal finishing SMEs.


Technology Supplier Roundtables

This activity brings together possible technology suppliers for the newly developed closed loop technologies as well as suppliers of other cleaner production technologies relevant for the participating SMEs. The aim of this activity is to explore possibilities of tie-ups for marketing the new technologies in India and raising awareness on the general technology needs of the SMEs as well as barriers or challenges hindering them in the implementation of existing technological options.


Marketing and Replication Events

In this project activity the project team conducts dialogue events with several banks about the investment opportunities of resource efficiency measures. Thereby, a focus is put on existing energy and environment credit lines in place such as from SIDBI or Bank of Baroda, as well as credit lines targeted at SMEs from local banks. The aim of this activity is to accelerate the rapid penetration of untapped market for resource efficiency projects aiming at viable projects in SME sector which have replication potential in other locations.



ACIDLOOP is a 4-year project (2012-2016) supported by the European Union (EU) under the SWITCH Asia Programme. This programme emphasizes sustainable consumption and production in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). ACIDLOOP is targeted specifically at the Indian metal finishing industry.  It aims to introduce technology innovation for acid recovery as well as resource efficiency that would lead to improved environmental quality and combat pollution.  The activities is taking place in various locations in northern, western and southern India.


This website has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents displayed on it are the sole responsibility of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.

Funded by

EU flag